Basically a solar charge regulator is in charge of controlling all the energy flow that circulates between the photovoltaic field and the battery field. In this interesting article we will delve a little into its function within solar equipment.
So that we understand a little the task assigned to the solar charge regulator, it is convenient to mention the operation of the entire system in general, understanding that the ordering of energy flow is carried out through the control of certain parameters of intensity and voltage and that are injected into the accumulator or batteries. So, that flow of energy that we are talking about logically depends on the charge of the accumulators and the energy generated from the photovoltaic field.
It is here where the solar charge regulator acts, constantly controlling the state of that charge in the batteries for efficient filling, and above all controlling the final charge voltage to extend the useful life of the accumulator.
Solar charge controllers must deal with at least 3 types of possible charges which are:
In this case, the battery is quite or completely discharged, before which, all the energy captured by the photovoltaic system is injected continuously into the accumulators, the voltage increasing as it is supplied with current.
As soon as the accumulator voltage reaches the absorption voltage, different according to the type of batteries (lead-acid, AGM, GEL, …), the solar charge regulator maintains the voltage at the indicated value, gradually reducing the current flow until the battery is full.
When the accumulator is completely full, the charging voltage is reduced to the float voltage, it is a phase in which the injected current decreases a lot, since in this phase the batteries are already charged and the only aim is to keep them charged. .
Except in the Bulk phase, where all the energy produced by the solar panels will charge the batteries, in the other two charging phases, all the energy that the solar panels could produce is greater than the energy that can be injected into the accumulator, it is simply lost because the regulator does not pick it up.
In summary, hence the importance of a good solar charge regulator, as it is a device that protects our accumulator against potential overloads, controlling the entire energy flow and injecting it when and as convenient.
One fact that we must take into account is that many regulators need to be programmed to indicate the type of battery with which they will work, for example, type of battery or operating voltages among other characteristics, so that it can work according to the accumulator available.
We know that the solar charge regulator is an essential piece in our solar energy equipment, its quality is important for optimal performance, you can find it on our page, or if you have questions or prefer, you can contact us by email or call us at our number of telephone. You will find all our contact information in the footer of the page.