To answer this question we must understand that the power that a solar panel can produce will depend on three factors: size, efficiency and light received. So join us so that we delve a little more into this interesting topic and about which many have doubts.
We know that photovoltaic solar panels are the best option to generate electricity in a clean way and can currently produce even slightly more than 200W per square meter. Although, as we mentioned at the beginning of the text, the power of the energy produced will depend a lot on the sunlight received during the day and on other factors (temperature, inclination and orientation of the panel with respect to the sun, …).
There are basically three main types of solar panels, each one is a variation of energy efficiency and production costs, but all with the same purpose, to collect as much sunlight as possible to convert it into electrical energy, a process we call the photovoltaic effect. Therefore, we reaffirm that the amount of electricity that a solar panel can produce will depend on how much light it receives, how efficient it is to convert it into consumable energy and the size of said panel.
In such a way that a solar panel of greater dimension will undoubtedly produce more energy, but we can also put several panels together to produce more energy.
We understand that the power that a solar panel can reach and what it delivers later are two very different things, that is, if a panel is 335Wp (watts pic), then it will produce up to that limit, which can only be achieved in a very sunny day, with the sun’s rays incident perpendicular to the panel and with a low panel temperature. For us to understand a little more, all the sunlight that manages to reach the surface of the solar panel, would have to reach a power of 1,000 watts per square meter and the panel would have to be at a temperature of 25ºC, only under these conditions (these are conditions in which the panels are tested in the laboratory) we will obtain the maximum power that our panel will generate.
Now, another simpler way to know how much power a solar panel can produce per day is to find the number of peak hours of the sun that our area receives daily. One peak hour of sunshine translates into one hour of 1,000 watts per square meter of sunlight. For example, if our area receives 3 peak hours of sun a day, it means that for every 100Wp of installed panels, about 300W of energy will be produced per day, or 300Wh / day. It must be taken into account that peak solar hours depend on the area and the time of year.
Last but not least, it is necessary to consider some factors that can affect the power generation of a solar panel such as the location, whether or not it is in full light, snow or dust that can also influence a correct absorption of UV rays. , among other. These are elements that we must take into account so that a solar panel can offer its maximum potential.